Sociology bullshit

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Item 1 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
QUIZ INSTRUCTIONS: Please answer all questions before clicking the "Submit Quiz" button. You will only be allowed to answer these questions once.
Kevin works hard as a banker. He makes a good living and has a nice house and car. He believes that everyone should have to pay for his or her own higher education, and if that can't be done, the person shouldn't be able to earn a diploma. Which theory aligns with Kevin's views on inequality due to capitalism?
Positivism
Functionalism
Conflict
Symbolic interactionism
Feedback: Correct. Conflict theory proposes that inequality exists because those in control maintain their advantage and power over resources.


Item 2 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
According to the following graph, in March of 2006, those surveyed were split almost evenly between rating personal finances as good or rating them as poor. However, in 2008, many banks failed as part of a loan crisis, and responses changed. Based on the data on the graph, how would a conflict theorist explain these changes?

1579207895835.png

Beliefs tend to remain steady unless there is a crisis that causes economic stagnation and individual failure.
People who were not able to maintain a good personal finance rating lost it due to their own decisions.
In times of economic stress, some are identified as not belonging, causing less solidarity.
The forces of capitalism act to reward the rich and maintain their growth even amid a crisis.
Feedback: Correct. Conflict theorists would see the subsequent widening in the gap between those who have good financial status and those who do not as an intentional action to maintain the wealth of the rich.



Item 3 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
Which theoretical perspective would examine the meaning of the image of smoking a cigarette and its effects on society?
Symbolic interactionism
Conflict
Functionalism
Double consciousness
Feedback: Correct. Symbolic interactionism relies on the symbolic meaning of social interactions and people's interpretations of behaviors and events in society.


Item 4 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
Which of the following would be an example of a latent function of attending a university?
Learning how to behave on a date
Earning a degree in a field of study
Gaining skills in a specialty trade
Reading about ancient civilizations
Feedback: Correct. A manifest function is an intended goal of social behavior, while a latent function is an unintended goal of social behavior.


Item 5 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
According to the following research report, changes have occurred in marital status between 1960 and 2010. Based on these changes, which of the following is a likely conclusion?

1579207911031.png

Couples value marriage more and have committed to spending more time together.
It has become more socially acceptable to remain unmarried longer.
People are trying harder to remain married and do not want a divorce.
More marriages end in death than in divorce as time passes.
Feedback: Correct. The data indicates that the percentage of people who are not married is growing, indicating that more people are either waiting to get married or do not get married.


Just in case anyone else is doing stupid hw and Google one of these lol ;) I actually read the book.. zZZzZZzzZZzz
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Code:
[LIST]
[*]LO1Why is sociological research necessary, and how does it challenge our commonsense beliefs about pressing social issues such as suicide?
[*]Sociological research provides a factual and objective counterpoint to commonsense knowledge and ill-informed sources of information. It is based on an empirical approach that answers questions through a direct, systematic collection and analysis of data.
[*]LO2How do the deductive and inductive approaches in the theory and research cycle compare?
[*]Theory and research form a continuous cycle that encompasses both deductive and inductive approaches. With the deductive approach, the researcher begins with a theory and then collects and analyzes research to test it. With the inductive approach, the researcher collects and analyzes data and then generates a theory based on that analysis.
[*]LO3How does quantitative research differ from qualitative research?
[*]Quantitative research focuses on data that can be measured numerically (comparing rates of suicide, for example). Qualitative research focuses on interpretive description (words) rather than statistics to analyze underlying meanings and patterns of social relationships.
[*]LO4What are the key steps in the quantitative research process?
[*]A conventional research process based on deduction and the quantitative approach has these key steps:
[LIST]
[*](1)
selecting and defining the research problem;
[*](2)
reviewing previous research;
[*](3)
formulating the hypothesis, which involves constructing variables;
[*](4)
developing the research design;
[*](5)
collecting and analyzing the data; and
[*](6)
drawing conclusions and reporting the findings.
[/LIST]
[*]LO5What steps are often taken by researchers using the qualitative approach?
[*]A researcher taking the qualitative approach might
[LIST]
[*](1)
formulate the problem to be studied instead of creating a hypothesis,
[*](2)
collect and analyze the data, and
[*](3)
report the results.
[/LIST]
[*]LO6What is survey research, and what are the three types of surveys?
[*]The main types of research methods are surveys, secondary analysis of existing data, field research, and experiments. Surveys are polls used to gather facts about people’s attitudes, opinions, or behaviors; a representative sample of respondents provides data through questionnaires or interviews. Survey data are collected by using self-administered questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, and telephone or computer surveys.
[*]LO7How do the following compare: research methods used in secondary analysis of existing data, field research, experiments, and triangulation?
[*]In secondary analysis, researchers analyze existing data, such as a government census, or cultural artifacts, such as a diary. In field research, sociologists study social life in its natural setting through participant observation, case studies, unstructured interviews, and ethnography. Through experiments, researchers study the impact of certain variables on their subjects. Triangulation is the use of multiple methods in one study—not only research methods but also multiple data sources, investigators, and theoretical perspectives in a study.
[*]LO8What ethical issues are involved in sociological research, and what professional codes protect research participants?
[*]Because sociology involves the study of people (“human subjects”), researchers are required to obtain the informed consent of the people they study; however, in some instances what constitutes “informed consent” may be difficult to determine. The American Sociological Association (ASA) Code of Ethics sets forth certain basic standards that sociologists must follow in conducting research.
[/LIST]
Vocab:
unstructured interviewan extended, open-ended interaction between an interviewer and an interviewee.
surveya poll in which the researcher gathers facts or attempts to determine the relationships among facts.
secondary analysisa research method in which researchers use existing material and analyze data that were originally collected by others.
respondentspersons who provide data for analysis through interviews or questionnaires.
research methodsspecific strategies or techniques for systematically conducting research.
random samplinga study approach in which every member of an entire population being studied has the same chance of being selected
questionnairea printed research instrument containing a series of items to which subjects respond.
probability samplingchoosing participants for a study on the basis of specific characteristics, possibly including such factors as age, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment.
participant observationa research method in which researchers collect systematic observations while being part of the activities of the group being studied.
interviewa data collection encounter in which an interviewer asks the respondent questions and records the answers.
independent variablea variable that is presumed to cause or determine a dependent variable.
hypothesisin research studies, a tentative statement of the relationship between two or more concepts.
Hawthorne effecta phenomenon in which changes in a subject’s behavior are caused by the researcher’s presence or by the subject’s awareness of being studied.
field researchthe study of social life in its natural setting: observing and interviewing people where they live, work, and play.
experimental groupin an experiment, the group that contains the subjects who are exposed to an independent variable (the experimental condition) to study its effect on them.
experimenta carefully designed situation in which the researcher studies the impact of certain variables on subjects’ attitudes or behavior.
ethnographya detailed study of the life and activities of a group of people by researchers who may live with that group over a period of years.
dependent variablea variable that is assumed to depend on or be caused by the independent variable(s).
correlationa relationship that exists when two variables are associated more frequently than could be expected by chance.
control groupin an experiment, the group that contains the subjects who are not exposed to the independent variable.
content analysisthe systematic examination of cultural artifacts or various forms of communication to extract thematic data and draw conclusions about social life.

...

Sociologists obtain their knowledge of human behavior through _____, which result(s) in a body of information that helps us move beyond guesswork and common sense in understanding society.
a. research
Code:
Correct. Sociologists obtain their knowledge of human behavior through research, the process of systematically collecting information for the purpose of testing an existing theory or generating a new one. Information obtained through research helps us move beyond guesswork and common sense in understanding society.

In the deductive approach, the researcher
a. begins by proposing a theory.
Code:
Correct. In the deductive approach, the researcher begins by proposing a theory and then develops research to test that theory. The deductive approach proceeds as follows: (1) theories generate hypotheses; (2) hypotheses lead to observations (data gathering); (3) observations lead to the formation of generalizations; and (4) generalizations are used to support the theory, to suggest modifications to it, or to refute it.

Quantitative research is likely to involve
c. data that can be measured numerically.
Code:
Correct. Quantitative research focuses on data that can be measured numerically. This form of research is based on scientific objectivity and often uses complex statistical techniques.

Sociologists conducting research may formulate a(n) __________, which is a statement of the relationship between two or more concepts.
b. hypothesis
Code:
Correct. Sociologists conducting research may formulate a hypothesis, a statement of the relationship between two or more concepts. Concepts are abstract elements that represent some aspect of the world, such as loneliness or suicide. Sociologists conducting research may formulate a hypothesis to examine the relationship among different variables, or concepts with measurable traits and characteristics that vary from one person, time, situation, or society to another.

How does the qualitative research model differ from the quantitative research model?
d. Qualitative research begins with a general approach rather than a highly detailed plan.
Code:
Correct. The qualitative research model differs from the quantitative model in that the researcher usually begins with a general approach rather than a highly detailed plan. Flexibility is necessary because of the nature of the research question, which involves exploring a topic in depth but not necessarily explaining why a sociological phenomenon is occurring.

Survey data are collected by using all of these methods EXCEPT
a. field research.
Code:
Correct. Field research involves the study of social life in its natural setting by observing and interviewing people where they live, work, and play. It is a separate research method from survey research and is not used to collect survey data, which is usually data on aspects of life that are not directly observable, such as people's attitudes and beliefs. Methods for collecting survey research include structured interviews and both face-to-face and self-administered questionnaires.

Which research method is a poll in which the researcher gathers facts or attempts to determine the relationships among facts?
a. survey
Code:
Correct. A survey is a poll in which the researcher gathers facts or attempts to determine the relationships among facts. Surveys are the most widely used research method in the social sciences because they make it possible to study things that are not directly observable, such as beliefs and attitudes. They are conducted through questionnaires, interviews, or via the computer or telephone.

A(n) __________ is a detailed study of the life and activities of a group of people in which researchers may live with that group over a period of years.
b. ethnography
Code:
Correct. An ethnography is a detailed study of the life and activities of a group of people in which researchers may live with that group for several years. It is a type of field research that involves studying social life in the natural environment. Unlike other field research methods, ethnographies usually take place over a much longer period of time and have the researcher fully immersed in a particular culture or social group.

A(n) __________ is a carefully designed research method in which the researcher studies the impact of certain variables on subjects' attitudes or behavior.
c. experiment
Code:
Correct. An experiment is a carefully designed research method in which the researcher studies the impact of certain variables on subjects' attitudes or behavior. Experiments are designed to create "real-life" situations, ideally under controlled circumstances, in which the influence of different variables can be modified and measured.

Which guideline is included in the American Sociological Association's Code of Ethics for conducting research?
b. Researchers must disclose all interpretations of the data they collect.
Code:
Correct. According to the American Sociological Association's Code of Ethics for conducting research, researchers must maintain objectivity and integrity in their research by disclosing all interpretations of the data they collect. They should share their research findings in full, even when those findings do not support their own viewpoints.
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Item 1 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
QUIZ INSTRUCTIONS: Please answer all questions before clicking the "Submit Quiz" button. You will only be allowed to answer these questions once.
Which of the following is an example of a hypothesis?
Children with weight problems often play video games.
If children play video games all day, then they are more likely to encounter weight problems.
Why do children who play video games all day have more weight problems than children who do not?
How does excessive video game play impact child weight?
Feedback: Correct. Hypotheses are predictions about what will happen in a study. They are often in "if/then" format—if something happens, then something else will result.


Item 2 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
A researcher presents her study only after testing and then re-testing her results. The results are similar each time. What can she say about her study?
The serendipity of the test is evident.
The test indicates that it is valid.
Her study has established reliability.
Her results can be generalized to the population.
Feedback: Correct. Reliability occurs if the repeated measurement under the same circumstances produces the same or similar results.


Item 3 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
A study seeks to measure the impact of different classroom temperatures on test scores for students during summer months. Which part of this experiment represents the independent variables?
Classrooms
Students
Test scores
Temperatures
Feedback: Correct. An independent variable is the variable that changes to determine the potential cause of something else. In this case, the effect of classroom temperature change is being evaluated for its impact on test scores.


Item 4 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
According to the graph below, people in all age groups reported needing help setting up a new electronic device. Based on the graph, which hypothesis would be accurate?

1579210410990.png

Older adults have more trouble learning new technology than younger adults.
Younger adults have a harder time learning new technology than older adults.
If younger adults do not understand electronic devices, they are more likely to ask for help.
If older adults are given new technology, they are more likely to ask for help than younger adults.
Feedback: Correct. A hypothesis provides a testable prediction. A hypothesis that aligns with the graph should note that when given new technology, older adults are more likely to ask for help than younger adults.


Item 5 - Score: 0% (0 of 1)
Which of the following is a hypothesis that could be created based on the data from this Pew Research graph?

1579210395365.png

White males will intermarry more than white females.
Asian American females will be happier with Hispanic males.
Asian males will marry Asian females more than any other race.
Hispanic females will be more open to intermarriage than Hispanic males.
Feedback: Incorrect. Based on the graph, Hispanic males and females intermarry at almost the same rate. Thus, a hypothesis that points this out would follow the information on the chart.

Well fuck.. -1 point -.-
 
Last edited:

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Religion stuff, fun fun..

1579210369765.png

...

LO1
What is religion, and what are its key components?
Religion is a social institution composed of a unified system of beliefs, symbols, and rituals, based on some sacred or supernatural realm, that guides human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a community.

LO2
What are the four main categories of religion based on their dominant belief?
Religions have been classified into four main categories based on their dominant belief: simple supernaturalism, animism, theism, and transcendent idealism.

LO3
What are the central beliefs of major Eastern religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism?
Hindus believe that Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver), and Shiva (destroyer) are divine. Union with ultimate reality and escape from eternal reincarnation are achieved through yoga, adherence to scripture, and devotion. Buddhists believe that through meditation and adherence to the Eightfold Path (correct thought and behavior), people can free themselves from desire and suffering, escape the cycle of eternal rebirth, and achieve nirvana (enlightenment). The sayings of Confucius (collected in the Analects) stress the role of virtue and order in the relationships among individuals, their families, and society.

LO4
What are the central beliefs associated with major Western religions such as Judaism, Islam, and Christianity?
Judaism holds that God’s nature and will are revealed in the Torah (Hebrew scripture) and in His intervention in history. Jewish adherents also believe that God has established a covenant with the people of Israel, who are called to a life of holiness, justice, mercy, and fidelity to God’s law. According to Muslims, Muhammad received the Qur’an (scriptures) from God. On Judgment Day, believers who have submitted to God’s will, as revealed in the Qur’an, will go to an eternal Garden of Eden. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and that through good moral and religious behavior (and/or God’s grace), people achieve eternal life with God.

LO5
What are sociological perspectives on religion?
According to functionalists, religion has three important functions in any society:

(1)providing meaning and purpose to life,
(2)promoting social cohesion and a sense of belonging, and
(3)providing social control and support for the government.
From a conflict perspective, religion can have negative consequences in that the capitalist class uses religion as a tool of domination to mislead workers about their true interests. However, Max Weber believed that religion could be a catalyst for social change. Symbolic interactionists focus on a microlevel analysis of religion, examining the meanings that people give to religion and that they attach to religious symbols in their everyday life. According to the rational choice perspective, religious persons and organizations offer a variety of religions and religious products to consumers who shop around for religious theologies, practices, and communities that best suit them.

LO6
What are the types of religious organization?
Religious organizations can be categorized as ecclesia, churches, denominations, sects, and cults (now frequently referred to as new religious movements or NRMs).

LO7
What are some major trends in religion in the United States in the twenty-first century?
One of the most important has been the debate over secularization—the process by which religious beliefs, practices, and institutions lose their significance in society and nonreligious values, principles, and institutions take their place. Fundamentalism has emerged in many religions because people do not like to see social changes taking place that affect their most treasured beliefs and values. In some situations, people have viewed modernity as a threat to their traditional beliefs and practices. The latest-available comprehensive survey on contemporary religion identified a number of trends regarding religion and race, class, and gender, which are explained in detail in the chapter.

LO8
What is the future of religion as a social institution?
Because religion meets many needs that no other institution can provide, it will continue as a major social institution. Organized religion has grown and changed in many regions of the world because of modernization, democratization, and globalization. In the United States, religious organizations have become much more fluid and more diverse. Congregations in the future will hold an even wider variety of beliefs, and adherents will be drawn from many diverse cultures.

-

transcendent idealisma belief in sacred principles of thought and conduct.

theisma belief in a god or gods who shape human affairs.

spiritualitythe relationship between the individual and something larger than oneself, such as a broader sense of connection with the surrounding world.

simple supernaturalismthe belief that supernatural forces affect people’s lives either positively or negatively.

secularizationthe process by which religious beliefs, practices, and institutions lose their significance in society and nonreligious values, principles, and institutions take their place.

secta relatively small religious group that has broken away from another religious organization to renew what it views as the original version of the faith.

sacredthose aspects of life that exist beyond the everyday, natural world that we cannot experience with our senses.

ritualsregularly repeated and carefully prescribed forms of behaviors that symbolize a cherished value or belief.

religiona social institution composed of a unified system of beliefs, symbols, and rituals—based on some sacred or supernatural realm—that guides human behavior, gives meaning to life, and unites believers into a community.

profanethe everyday, secular, or “worldly” aspects of life that we know through our senses.

polytheisma belief in more than one god.

monotheisma belief in a single, supreme being or god who is responsible for significant events such as the creation of the world.

fundamentalisma traditional religious doctrine that is conservative, is typically opposed to modernity, and rejects “worldly pleasures” in favor of otherworldly spirituality.

faitha confident belief that cannot be proven or disproven but is accepted as true.

ecclesiaa religious organization that is so integrated into the dominant culture that it claims as its membership all members of a society.

denominationa large organized religion characterized by accommodation to society but frequently lacking in ability or intention to dominate society.

cult(also known as new religious movement or NRM) a loosely organized religious group with practices and teachings outside the dominant cultural and religious traditions of a society.

civil religionthe set of beliefs, rituals, and symbols that makes sacred the values of the society and places the nation in the context of the ultimate system of meaning.

churcha large, bureaucratically organized religious organization that tends to seek accommodation with the larger society in order to maintain some degree of control over it.

animismthe belief that plants, animals, or other elements of the natural world are endowed with spirits or life forces that have an impact on events in society.

---

Questions for Critical Thinking
1. Why do some people who believe they have “no religion” subscribe to civil religion? How would you design a research project to study the effects of civil religion on everyday life?

2. How is religion a force for social stability? How is it a force for social change?

3. What is the relationship among race, class, gender, and religious beliefs?

4. If Durkheim, Marx, and Weber were engaged in a discussion about religion, on what topics might they agree? On what topics would they disagree?

5. How does the rational choice perspective differ from other theoretical explanations of religion in contemporary societies?
 
Last edited:

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
The relationship between the individual and something larger than oneself, such as a broader sense of connection with the surrounding world, is known as

c. spirituality.

Correct. Spirituality is the relationship between the individual and something larger than oneself, such as a broader sense of connection with the surrounding world. Spirituality involves the individual's inner, subjective feelings and experiences rather than the act of giving devotion to external beliefs, rituals, and deities that are set forth in established creeds or religious communities.




According to sociologist Emile Durkheim, __________ refers to those aspects of life that we cannot experience with our senses—in other words, those things that are set apart as "holy."

b. sacred

Correct. According to sociologist Emile Durkheim, sacred refers to those aspects of life that we cannot experience with our senses—in other words, those things that are set apart as "holy." People feel a sense of awe, reverence, deep respect, or fear for that which is considered sacred.




A religious belief in sacred principles of thought and conduct rather than in a god or gods is known as

d. transcendent idealism.

Correct. Transcendent idealism is a nontheistic category of religion. It is a belief in sacred principles of thought and conduct. Principles such as truth, justice, affirmation of life, and tolerance for others are central tenets of transcendent idealists, who seek an elevated state of consciousness in which they can fulfill their true potential.




Which of the following is NOT one of the Four Noble Truths of Mahayana Buddhism?

b. One should follow the doctrine of ahimsa—nonharmfulness.

Correct. The teachings of Vajrayana Buddhism, not Mahayana Buddhism, emphasize the doctrine of ahimsa, or nonharmfulness, and discourage violence and warfare. Vajrayana Buddhism incorporates some aspects of Theravadin Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Hinduism.




What branch of Judaism is based on the belief that the Torah is binding only in its moral teachings and that adherents should no longer be required to follow all of the Talmud?

b. Reform

Correct. Reform Judaism, which began in Germany in the nineteenth century, is based on the belief that the Torah is binding only in its moral teachings and that adherents should no longer be required to follow all of the Talmud, which is the compilation of Jewish law setting forth the strict rabbinic teachings on practices such as food preparation, rituals, and dress. In the United States, services are conducted almost entirely in English, a Sunday Sabbath is observed, and less emphasis is placed on traditional Jewish holidays.




According to Muhammad, followers must adhere to the Five Pillars of Islam, which include all of the following EXCEPT

d. understanding that the Greater Jihad is the internal struggle against sin.

Correct. The Islamic notion of jihad—meaning "struggle"—is a core belief, but not one of the pillars to which followers must adhere. According to Muhammad, followers must adhere to these Five Pillars of Islam: (1) believing that there is no god but Allah, (2) participating in five periods of prayer each day, (3) paying taxes to help support the needy, (4) fasting during the daylight hours in the month of Ramadan, and (5) making at least one pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah in Mecca.




Which of the following is NOT one of the three functions that all religions share, according to functionalist Emile Durkheim?

c. production of social change

Correct. Conflict theorist Max Weber believed that religion could be a catalyst to produce social change, not Emile Durkheim. Because of the intertwining of group consciousness and society, functionalists suggest that religion has three important functions in any society: (1) meaning and purpose, (2) social cohesion and a sense of belonging, and (3) social control and support for the government.




A(n) __________ is a religious organization that is so integrated into the dominant culture that it claims as its membership all members of a society.

a. ecclesia

Correct. An ecclesia is a religious organization that is so integrated into the dominant culture that it claims as its membership all members of a society. Membership in an ecclesia occurs as a result of being born into the society rather than by any conscious decision on the part of individual members. Although no true ecclesia exists in the contemporary world, the Anglican Church in England and the Roman Catholic Church in Italy and Spain come fairly close.




A traditional religious doctrine that is conservative, is typically opposed to modernity, and rejects "worldly pleasures" in favor of otherworldly spirituality is known as

b. fundamentalism.

Correct. Fundamentalism is a traditional religious doctrine that is conservative, is typically opposed to modernity, and rejects "worldly pleasures" in favor of otherworldly spirituality. Around the world, those who adhere to fundamentalism believe that sacred traditions must be revitalized in the face of modernity.




Which of the following statements is true regarding the present and future of religion?

a. In the twenty-first century, we are likely to see a dramatic revitalization of traditional forms of religious life.

Correct. In the twenty-first century, we are likely to see not only the creation of new religious forms but also a dramatic revitalization of traditional forms of religious life. Religious fundamentalism has found a new audience among young people between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four.


Well... here we go.
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Total Score: 100% (5 of 5)
Item 1 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
QUIZ INSTRUCTIONS: Please answer all questions before clicking the "Submit Quiz" button. You will only be allowed to answer these questions once.
Which of the following would be considered profane?
Bible
Hymnal
Totem
Crucifix
Feedback: Correct. Items that are profane in religion are items that are not considered sacred, such as a hymnal. They are everyday, worldly items.


Item 2 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
Which sociological perspective views a religious group's establishment of a collective consciousness as a means to unite them and provide them with belonging through rituals?
Functionalism
Conflict theory
Polytheism
Symbolic interactionism
Feedback: Correct. From a functionalist perspective, one of the functions of rituals is to create a sense of belonging and cooperation among members of a society.


Item 3 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
An older couple attends church every week and is very active in their spiritual community. They oppose any changes to the traditions of their particular church. They do not want women to serve in any official capacity. To what does this couple adhere?
Secularism
Functionalism
Fundamentalism
Polytheism
Feedback: Correct. Fundamentalists interpret religion in ways that can be oppressive to women and favor traditional views of male and female roles.


Item 4 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
An older woman wants to find a church that provides fundamentalist views on controversial medical advances. According to the graph below, which type of religious community is she likely seeking?

1579272009600.png

White, evangelical Protestant
Hispanic Catholic
White, mainline Protestant
White Catholic
Feedback: Correct. Fundamentalists believe in more traditional, rigid adherence to the beliefs that have been in place for years. They would be less likely to agree to medical advances that are controversial. As shown in the chart, those who consider themselves white, evangelical Protestants are most opposed to controversial medical advances.


Item 5 - Score: 100% (1 of 1)
Using the graph below, which of the following could be concluded based on conflict theory?

1579271995589.png

Evangelical Protestants are more likely to create a strong collective consciousness as they unite in their beliefs.
Evangelical Protestants seek to maintain the capitalist power and wealth they have accrued by favoring reduced immigration and government.
Evangelical Protestants view their beliefs as a symbol of their religiosity and faith in good for all of mankind.
Evangelical Protestants are more likely to support immigration through legislative reform.
Feedback: Correct. Conflict theory proposes that the Protestant ethic promoted religious ideas that go along with capitalism: Keep wealth with the elite, spend on themselves, and leave other groups to fend for themselves. These views would oppose helping or accepting other groups.
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Everything is correct except the red one in bold.

Question 1
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A(n) __________ is a false belief or prediction that produces behavior that makes the originally false belief come true.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. self-fulfilling prophecy
Correct Answer:
Correcta. self-fulfilling prophecy
Question 2
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The most important aspects of racial identity and attitudes toward other racial–ethnic groups are influenced by:
Selected Answer:
Correctc. one’s family.
Correct Answer:
Correctc. one’s family.
Question 3
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A _____ is a currently valued style of behavior, thinking, or appearance that is longer lasting and more widespread than a fad.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. fashion
Correct Answer:
Correctc. fashion
Question 4
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Socialization is essential for the _____ because it enables us to develop our human potential and to learn the ways of thinking, talking, and acting that are necessary for social living.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. individual
Correct Answer:
Correcta. individual
Question 5
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ is the process by which people act toward or respond to other people, and also is the foundation for all relationships and groups in society.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. Social interaction
Correct Answer:
Correctb. Social interaction
Question 6
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ theorists emphasize that social structure is essential because it creates order and predictability in a society. Social structure is also important for our human development.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Functional
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Functional
Question 7
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A __________ is a large social grouping that occupies the same geographical territory and is subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.
Selected Answer:
Correctd. society
Correct Answer:
Correctd. society
Question 8
2 out of 2 points

Correct
According to the text's discussion of roles, _____.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. role performance does not always match role expectation
Correct Answer:
Correcta. role performance does not always match role expectation
Question 9
2 out of 2 points

Correct
George Herbert Mead's concept of the _____ other refers to the child's awareness of the demands and expectations of the society as a whole or of the child's subculture.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. generalized
Correct Answer:
Correctb. generalized
Question 10
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Sociologist John Lofland divided fads into four major categories. Lady Gaga, Justin Bieber, and Miley Cyrus are examples of a(n) __________ fad.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. personality
Correct Answer:
Correctc. personality
Question 11
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A __________ is a group that strongly rejects dominant societal values and norms and seeks alternative lifestyles.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. counterculture
Correct Answer:
Correctc. counterculture
Question 12
2 out of 2 points

Correct
In Jean Piaget's theory, during the _____ stage (age seven to eleven), children think in terms of tangible objects and actual events. They begin to take the role of others and start to empathize with the viewpoints of others.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. concrete operational
Correct Answer:
Correcta. concrete operational
Question 13
0 out of 2 points

Incorrect
In _____ societies, social inequality is the highest of all preindustrial societies in terms of both class and gender. The two major classes are the landlords and the peasants. The landlords own the fields and the harvests produced by the peasants.
Selected Answer:
Incorrectb. hunting and gathering
Correct Answer:
Correctd. agrarian
Question 14

2 out of 2 points

Correct
A local school is destroyed by a tornado and community residents come together to build a makeshift school. This example illustrates the concept of:
Selected Answer:
Correctb. social solidarity.
Correct Answer:
Correctb. social solidarity.
Question 15
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ is the belief that the behaviors and customs of any culture must be viewed and analyzed by the culture's own standards.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. Cultural relativism
Correct Answer:
Correctc. Cultural relativism
Question 16
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The methods and tools that are available for acquiring the basic needs of daily life are referred to as:
Selected Answer:
Correctd. subsistence technology.
Correct Answer:
Correctd. subsistence technology.
Question 17
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The “me” is the __________ element of the self, which is composed of the internalized attitudes and demands of other members of society and the individual’s awareness of those demands.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. objective
Correct Answer:
Correctc. objective
Question 18
2 out of 2 points

Correct
America is often referred to as a nation of immigrants, but immigrant groups are not evenly distributed. For example, African Americans are heavily concentrated in the _____.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Southeast
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Southeast
Question 19
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Each time we experience a change in status (such as becoming a college student or getting married), we learn a new set of rules, roles, and relationships. Even before we achieve a new status, we often participate in _____, which is the process by which knowledge and skills are learned for future roles.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. anticipatory socialization
Correct Answer:
Correctc. anticipatory socialization
Question 20
2 out of 2 points

Correct
When a parent finds out about a new genre of music from their children and are influenced by it, the process is known as _____.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. reciprocal socialization
Correct Answer:
Correcta. reciprocal socialization
Question 21
2 out of 2 points

Correct
__________ is the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the next in a human group or society.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. Culture
Correct Answer:
Correctc. Culture
Question 22
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Racial _____ is the aspect of social development that contains specific messages and practices concerning the nature of our racial or ethnic status.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. socialization
Correct Answer:
Correctb. socialization
Question 23
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____, or cohesion, refers to a group's ability to maintain itself in the face of obstacles. It exists when social bonds, attractions, or other forces hold members of a group in interaction over a period of time.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. Social solidarity
Correct Answer:
Correctc. Social solidarity
Question 24
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ societies use the technology of large-scale farming, including animal-drawn or energy-powered plows and equipment, to produce their food supply.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Agrarian
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Agrarian
Question 25
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ culture refers to the values and standards of behavior that people actually follow.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Real
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Real
Question 26
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The growing popularity of fast food restaurants throughout many parts of the world is an example of cultural:
Selected Answer:
Correctd. diffusion.
Correct Answer:
Correctd. diffusion.
Question 27
2 out of 2 points

Correct
In Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory, during the __________ level (age seven to ten), children’s perceptions are based on punishment and obedience.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. preconventional
Correct Answer:
Correctb. preconventional
Question 28
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Which of the theoretical perspectives on socialization views that children in low-income families may be unintentionally socialized to believe that acquiring an education and aspiring to lofty ambitions are pointless because of existing economic conditions in the family?
Selected Answer:
Correctb. Conflict
Correct Answer:
Correctb. Conflict
Question 29
2 out of 2 points

Correct

Psychologist Jean Piaget believed that, in each stage of human development (from birth to adolescence), children's activities are governed by their:

Selected Answer:
Correcta. perception of the world around them.
Correct Answer:
Correcta. perception of the world around them.
Question 30
2 out of 2 points

Correct

Based on sociologist Erving Goffman's perspectives, _____ is the study of social interaction that compares everyday life to a theatrical presentation.

Selected Answer:
Correcta. dramaturgical analysis
Correct Answer:
Correcta. dramaturgical analysis
Question 31
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Where do we first learn cultural and social values, language, attitudes, beliefs, and norms?
Selected Answer:
Correctc. Family
Correct Answer:
Correctc. Family
Question 32
2 out of 2 points

Correct
While Eric is working in the fast-food restaurant, he does not want people to think of him as a "loser in a dead-end job." He wants them to view him as a college student who is working there just to "pick up a few bucks" until he graduates. When customers from the college come in, Eric talks to them about college-related topics rather than fast food. In this scenario, Eric is engaging in:
Selected Answer:
Correctb. role distancing.
Correct Answer:
Correctb. role distancing.
Question 33
2 out of 2 points

Correct
__________ occurs when incompatible demands are built into a single status that a person occupies.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. Role strain
Correct Answer:
Correctc. Role strain
Question 34
2 out of 2 points

Correct
__________ is/are a set of symbols that expresses ideas and enables people to think and communicate with one another.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Language
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Language
Question 35
2 out of 2 points

Correct

Anna is a female born to Mexican American parents; she was assigned these positions at birth. She is an adult and, if she lives long enough, will someday become an "older adult," which is a(n) _____ status received involuntarily later in life.

Selected Answer:
Correctb. ascribed
Correct Answer:
Correctb. ascribed
Question 36
2 out of 2 points

Correct
__________ culture consists of classical music, opera, ballet, live theater, and other activities usually patronized by elite audiences, composed primarily of members of the upper-middle and upper classes who have the time, money, and knowledge assumed to be necessary for its appreciation.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. High
Correct Answer:
Correcta. High
Question 37
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The case of Genie, an isolated child, illustrates that:
Selected Answer:
Correctc. children who experience social isolation and neglect may end up in board-and-care homes as adults.
Correct Answer:
Correctc. children who experience social isolation and neglect may end up in board-and-care homes as adults.
Question 38
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Four components make up our self-concept. The psychological self is best reflected in which of the following statements?
Selected Answer:
Correctb. “I believe in world peace.”
Correct Answer:
Correctb. “I believe in world peace.”
Question 39
2 out of 2 points

Correct
__________ consist(s) of customs and practices that occur across all societies.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Cultural universals
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Cultural universals
Question 40
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The __________ approach emphasizes that socialization is a collective process in which children are active and creative agents, not just passive recipients of the socialization process. From this view, childhood is a socially constructed category.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. symbolic interactionist
Correct Answer:
Correcta. symbolic interactionist
Question 41
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A __________ is a temporary but widely copied activity followed enthusiastically by large numbers of people. Most are short-lived novelties.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. fad
Correct Answer:
Correcta. fad
Question 42
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A(n) _____ group consists of two or more people who interact frequently and share a common identity and a feeling of interdependence.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. social
Correct Answer:
Correctb. social
Question 43
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A convicted criminal, wearing a prison uniform, is an example of a person who has been _____ ; the uniform says that the person has done something wrong and should not be allowed unsupervised outside the prison walls.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. stigmatized
Correct Answer:
Correctc. stigmatized
Question 44
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Wearing a wedding ring, owning a Rolls-Royce, or a homeless person carrying a bulging shopping bag are all examples of:
Selected Answer:
Correctd. status symbols.
Correct Answer:
Correctd. status symbols.
Question 45
2 out of 2 points

Correct
In a series of __________, sociologist Harold Garfinkel assigned different activities to his students to see how breaking the unspoken rules of behavior created confusion.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. breaching experiments
Correct Answer:
Correctc. breaching experiments
Question 46
2 out of 2 points

Correct
A __________ is a category of people who share distinguishing attributes, beliefs, values, and/or norms that set them apart in some significant manner from the dominant culture.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. subculture
Correct Answer:
Correctb. subculture
Question 47
2 out of 2 points

Correct
According to sociologist John Lofland, body piercing, "surfing" the Internet, and fad diets where a person eats large quantities of one specific food such as grapefruit or popcorn are all examples of a(n) _____ fad.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. activity
Correct Answer:
Correctb. activity
Question 48
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Eric is attending classes at the local college. He believes in the idea of success, but he does not spend as much time as he could studying to achieve a higher grade point average. His behavior is an example of __________ culture.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. real
Correct Answer:
Correctc. real
Question 49
2 out of 2 points

Correct
When people are proud of a particular social status that they occupy, they often choose to use visible means to let others know about their position. _____ are material signs that inform others of a person's social position.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Status symbols
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Status symbols
Question 50
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The process by which our perception of reality is largely shaped by the subjective meaning that we give to an experience is referred to as the:
Selected Answer:
Correctd. social construction of reality.
Correct Answer:
Correctd. social construction of reality.
Question 51
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Family, religion, education, the economy, the government (politics), mass media, sports, science and medicine, and the military are all examples of:
Selected Answer:
Correctb. social institutions.
Correct Answer:
Correctb. social institutions.
Question 52
2 out of 2 points

Correct
According to Jean Piaget, in the _____ stage (birth to age two), children understand the world only through sensory contact and immediate action because they cannot engage in symbolic thought or use language.
Selected Answer:
Correcta. sensorimotor
Correct Answer:
Correcta. sensorimotor
Question 53
2 out of 2 points

Correct
Division of labor increases in _____ societies. As the food supply grows, not everyone needs to be engaged in food production. Some people can pursue activities such as weaving cloth or carpets, crafting jewelry, or creating the tools needed for building the society's structure.
Selected Answer:
Correctd. horticultural and pastoral
Correct Answer:
Correctd. horticultural and pastoral
Question 54
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ societies are relatively egalitarian. Since it is impossible to accumulate a surplus of food, there are few resources upon which individuals or groups can build a power base.
Selected Answer:
Correctb. Hunting and gathering
Correct Answer:
Correctb. Hunting and gathering
Question 55
2 out of 2 points

Correct
_____ culture refers to the values and standards of behavior that people in society profess to hold.
Selected Answer:
Correctd. Ideal culture
Correct Answer:
Correctd. Ideal culture
Question 56
2 out of 2 points

Correct

The _____ functions as a socializing agent when they inform us about events, introduce us to a wide variety of people, provide an array of viewpoints on current issues, make us aware of products and services, and entertain us by providing the opportunity to live vicariously (through other people’s experiences).

Selected Answer:
Correcta. mass media
Correct Answer:
Correcta. mass media
Question 57
2 out of 2 points

Correct
During a sermon in church, a parishioner begins to talk to the person sitting next to her in an audible tone of voice. A man in another pew turns around, frowns at her, and says, "Shhhhhhhh." This illustrates a(n):
Selected Answer:
Correctc. informal sanction.
Correct Answer:
Correctc. informal sanction.
Question 58
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The belief that shared values are essential for societies to survive would be representative of what theoretical perspective?
Selected Answer:
Correcta. Functionalist
Correct Answer:
Correcta. Functionalist
Question 59
2 out of 2 points

Correct
The joy of work, the primacy of the home, faithfulness, thriftiness, tradition, and humility are examples of ___________ that are part of the Old Order of Amish culture.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. core values
Correct Answer:
Correctc. core values
Question 60
2 out of 2 points

Correct
For homeless women and men, ___________ are not status symbols as much as they are a link with the past, a hope for the future, and a potential source of immediate cash.
Selected Answer:
Correctc. possessions
Correct Answer:
Correctc. possessions
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Code:
Question 1
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Some bureaucracies perpetuate inequalities of race, class, and gender because this form of organizational structure creates a specific type of work or learning environment. This structure was typically created for:
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. middle and upper-middle class white men.
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. middle and upper-middle class white men.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to political sociologist Robert Michels, all organizations encounter the_____— the tendency to become a bureaucracy ruled by the few. His central idea was that those who control bureaucracies not only wield power but also have an interest in retaining their power.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. iron law of oligarchy
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. iron law of oligarchy
Question 3
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ leadership is most appropriate when the group is dealing with emotional issues, and harmony, solidarity, and high morale are needed.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. Expressive
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. Expressive
Question 4
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In a_____, the active participation of both members is crucial for the group's survival.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. dyad
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. dyad
Question 5
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ occurs when the rules become an end in themselves rather than a means to an end, and organizational survival becomes more important than achievement of goals.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Goal displacement
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Goal displacement
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ leadership is goal- or task-oriented.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Instrumental
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Instrumental
Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
For a person who strongly believes in the value of human rights and equal opportunity, which of the following would NOT constitute a reference group?
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. Ku Klux Klan
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. Ku Klux Klan
Question 8
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The self-protective behavior of officials at the top may render the organization ineffective. This is an example of which of the following types of problems of bureaucracies?
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. Inefficiency and rigidity
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. Inefficiency and rigidity
Question 9
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
____________ was interested in the historical trend toward bureaucratization that accelerated during the Industrial Revolution.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Max Weber
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Max Weber
Question 10
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In reference to Stanley Milgram's study, the text points out that:
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. this research raises some questions concerning research ethics.
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. this research raises some questions concerning research ethics.
Question 11
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ thrive in contemporary organizations because e-mail and Web sites have made it possible for people to communicate throughout the day without ever having to engage in face-to-face interaction.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Informal networks
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Informal networks
Question 12
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Political parties, ecological activist groups, religious organizations, parent–teacher associations, and college sororities and fraternities are examples of_____organizations.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. normative
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. normative
Question 13
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to Robert Merton, the term_____describes those workers who are more concerned with following correct procedures than they are with getting the job done correctly.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. bureaucratic personality
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. bureaucratic personality
Question 14
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Two people who are best friends, married couples, and domestic partnerships are all examples of:
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. dyads.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. dyads.
Question 15
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
People do not voluntarily become members of __________ organizations (associations that people are forced to join).
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. coercive
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. coercive
Question 16
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In Stanley Milgram's experiments, the respondents were:
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. men.
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. men.
Question 17
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Gender inequalities that are perpetuated in bureaucracies:
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. can negatively impact white women and people of color when they are underrepresented within an organization.
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. can negatively impact white women and people of color when they are underrepresented within an organization.
Question 18
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Because of the assumed relationship between size and importance, officials tend to press for larger budgets and more staff and office space. To justify growth, administrators and managers must come up with more tasks for workers to perform. This is an example of what type of problem associated with bureaucracies?
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Resistance to change
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Resistance to change
Question 19
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Robby and Amanda recently had their first baby and now they are considered to be a(n):
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. triad.
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. triad.
Question 20
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The research conducted by Stanley Milgram and his colleagues provides evidence that obedience to authority:
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. may be more common than most people would like to believe.
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. may be more common than most people would like to believe.
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Code:
Question 1
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Social _____ refers to the systematic practices that social groups develop in order to encourage conformity to norms, rules, and laws and to discourage deviance.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. control
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. control
Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Four types of political deviance have been attributed to some government officials. Which of the following is NOT one of these types?
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Political assassination
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Political assassination
Question 3
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Prostitution might be explained as a reflection of society's double standard whereby it is acceptable for a man to pay for sex but unacceptable for a woman to accept money for such services. This explanation reflects a _____ feminist approach.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. radical
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. radical
Question 4
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
_____ refers to the use of personal judgment by police officers, prosecutors, judges, and other criminal justice system officials regarding whether and how to proceed in a given situation.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Discretion
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Discretion
Question 5
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
_____ theory holds that the probability of deviant behavior increases when a person's ties to society are weakened or broken.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. Social bond
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. Social bond
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
_____ is any action designed to deprive a person of things of value (including liberty) because of some offense the person is thought to have committed.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Punishment
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Punishment
Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
A bureaucrat pays so much attention to the rules that he loses sight of what the organization he works for is trying to accomplish. This illustrates:
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. ritualism.
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. ritualism.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The _____ is the major source of information on crimes reported in the United States.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. Uniform Crime Report
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. Uniform Crime Report
Question 9
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
____________ is the calculated, unlawful use of physical force or threats of violence against persons or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government, organization, or individual for the purpose of gaining some political, religious, economic, or social objective.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Terrorism
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Terrorism
Question 10
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In 2013, _____ accounted for about 69 percent of all arrests.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. Whites
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. Whites
Question 11
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Sociologist Edwin Sutherland's _____ theory states that people have a greater tendency to deviate from societal norms when they frequently affiliate with individuals who are more favorable toward deviance than conformity.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. differential association
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. differential association
Question 12
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to the sociologist Walter Reckless's _____ theory, society produces pushes and pulls that move people toward criminal behavior; however, some people "insulate" themselves from such pressures by having positive self-esteem and good group cohesion.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. containment
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. containment
Question 13
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Deviance based on person's intentional or inadvertent actions is referred to as _____ deviance.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. behavioral
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. behavioral
Question 14
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Research shows young, single, urban males are more likely to be perceived as _____ and receive stricter sentences in courts according to Rehavi and Starr, 2012.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. criminals
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. criminals
Question 15
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
_____ is based on the assumption that offenders who are detained in prison or are executed will be unable to commit additional crimes.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Incapacitation
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Incapacitation
Question 16
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In a study of the "Saints" and the "Roughnecks," sociologist William Chambliss concluded that:
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. only the Roughnecks were stigmatized by a deviant label, although both groups engaged in similar behavior.
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. only the Roughnecks were stigmatized by a deviant label, although both groups engaged in similar behavior.
Question 17
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
For young men who grow up in a _____ gang, running drug houses and selling drugs on street corners make it possible for them to support themselves and their families as well as purchase material possessions to impress others.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. criminal
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. criminal
Question 18
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The _____ theory suggests that most people who commit crimes do not engage in random acts of antisocial behavior. Instead, they make careful decisions based on weighing the available information regarding situational factors (such as the place of the crime) and personal factors (such as what rewards they may gain from their criminal behavior).
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. rational choice
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. rational choice
Question 19
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
A person may shoplift an item of clothing from a department store but not be apprehended or labeled as a deviant. However, the person may subsequently decide to forgo such behavior in the future. This example illustrates which of the following stages of deviance?
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Primary stage
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Primary stage
Question 20
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Police departments now place greater emphasis on _____. This is an approach to law enforcement in which officers maintain a presence in neighborhood settings, such as walking up and down the streets or riding bicycles, getting to know people, and holding public service meetings at schools and churches.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. community-oriented policing
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. community-oriented policing
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Code:
Question 1
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Sociologists often use the term __________ status to refer to a combined measure that attempts to classify individuals, families, or households in terms of factors such as income, occupation, and education to determine class location.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. socioeconomic
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. socioeconomic
Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The Davis-Moore thesis assumes that social stratification results in __________—a hierarchy in which all positions are rewarded based on people's ability and credentials.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. meritocracy
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. meritocracy

Question 3
According to the sociologist Erik Wright’s Marxian model, the __________ class is made up of a number of subgroups, one of which is blue-collar workers, some of whom are highly skilled and well paid and others of whom are unskilled and poorly paid.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. working

Question 4
Approximately __________ percent of those below the official poverty line are white Americans (non-Latino/as).
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. 40
Question 5
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to the sociologist Erik Wright's Marxian model, persons in the ___________ class have substantial control over the means of production and over workers. However, these upper-level supervisors and professionals typically do not participate in key corporate decisions such as how to invest profit.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. managerial
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. managerial
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Sociologist Dennis Gilbert compares the distribution of income to a national pie that has been sliced into portions. In 2013, the wealthiest 20 percent of households received over  __________ percent of the total income pie.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. 50
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. 50
Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Correct    

According to the social class model developed by sociologist Dennis Gilbert, members of the             class come from prominent families who possess great wealth that they have held for several generations.

Selected Answer:    
Correctb. upper-upper
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. upper-upper
Question 8
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
_________ argued that class position and the extent of our income and wealth are determined by our work situation, or our relationship to the means of production.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Karl Marx
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Karl Marx
Question 9
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to the social class model developed by sociologist Dennis Gilbert, the __________ class members (about one percent of the U. S. population) own substantial income-producing assets and operate on both the national and international levels. People in this class have an influence on the economy and society far beyond their numbers.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. upper
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. upper
Question 10
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In a(n) __________ system, marriage is endogamous, meaning that people are allowed to marry only within their own group.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. caste
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. caste
Question 11
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The social movement of individuals within their own lifetime is called _______mobility.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. intragenerational
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. intragenerational
Question 12
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to your text, all of the following are factors that have eroded the American Dream for the middle class EXCEPT:
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. negative media exposure.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. negative media exposure.
Question 13
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Based on the sociologist Erik Wright's Marxian model, the __________ class is made up of skilled blue-collar workers, which include electricians, plumbers, and carpenters, and unskilled blue-collar workers, which include janitors and gardeners.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. working
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. working
Question 14
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ are among the most severely disadvantaged persons in the United States with about 29 percent living below the poverty line.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Native Americans
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Native Americans
Question 15
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Relatively low-paying, non-manual, semiskilled positions primarily held by women, such as day-care workers, checkout clerks, cashiers, and waitpersons are referred to as:
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. pink-collar occupations.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. pink-collar occupations.
Question 16
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Sociologist Max Weber divided those who work for wages into two classes. The __________ class consists of skilled, semiskilled, and unskilled workers.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. working
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. working
Question 17
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In 2013,           households had the lowest median income ($34,598), as compared with __________ households, which had the highest median income ($67,065).
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. African American; Asian
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. African American; Asian
Question 18
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to the social class model developed by sociologist Dennis Gilbert, two-year or four-year college degrees have replaced the high school diploma as an entry-level requirement for employment in many __________ class occupations, including medical technicians and nurses. This social class represents an estimated 30 percent of the U. S. population.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. middle
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. middle
Question 19
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
All of the following are elements of the social class model developed by sociologist Dennis Gilbert EXCEPT:
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. the family's reputation in the community.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. the family's reputation in the community.
Question 20
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
When people experience a gain or loss in position and/or income that does not produce a change in their place in the class structure, this is referred to as:
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. horizontal mobility.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. horizontal mobility.
 

Asphyxia

Owner
Administrator
Joined
Apr 25, 2015
Messages
1,661
Reaction score
2,083
Points
287
Age
26
Location
North America
Code:
Question 1
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
_________ poverty exists when people may be able to afford basic necessities but are still unable to maintain an average standard of living.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Relative 
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Relative 
Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to the Human Development Report, people who live in nations with ___________ development can expect to be better educated, to live longer, and to earn more.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. very high human
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. very high human
Question 3
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Ideas regarding underdevelopment were popularized by President __________ in his 1949 inaugural address. He stated that nations in the Southern Hemisphere were "underdeveloped areas" because of their low gross national product.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Truman
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Truman
Question 4
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The worldwide lack of employment for young people, resulting in as many as __________ million young people unemployed in 2013, has threatened to stall global economic recovery.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. 73.8
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. 73.8
Question 5
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Which statement most accurately reflects the overall trends in life expectancy for middle- and low-HDI countries?
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Although some advances have been made, major problems still exist.
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Although some advances have been made, major problems still exist.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Industries that produce automobiles, computers, and other capital- and technology-intensive products are typically __________ commodity chains.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. producer-driven
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. producer-driven
Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The education of __________ is of primary importance in the future if global inequality is to be reduced.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. women
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. women
Question 8
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
According to the new international division of labor theory, __________commodity chains is the term used to refer to industries in which large retailers, brand-name merchandisers, and trading companies set up decentralized production networks in various middle- and low-income countries.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. buyer-driven
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. buyer-driven
Question 9
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ economies are found in 69 nations, including Portugal, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Norway, and Germany.
Selected Answer:    
Correctc. High-income
Correct Answer:    
Correctc. High-income
Question 10
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ countries are nations characterized by highly industrialized economies; technologically advanced industrial, administrative, and service occupations; and relatively high levels of national and per capita (per person) income.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. High-income
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. High-income
Question 11
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
As compared with lower-middle-income economies, nations having upper-middle-income economies typically:
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. have a somewhat higher standard of living.
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. have a somewhat higher standard of living.
Question 12
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The World Bank uses as its measure of income inequality what is known as the __________, which ranges from zero (meaning that everyone has the same income) to 100 (meaning that one person receives all the income).
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Gini coefficient
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Gini coefficient
Question 13
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The World Bank divides middle-income economies into lower-middle income and upper-middle income. Armenia, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, Lesotho, Nigeria, Ukraine, and Vietnam are classified as:
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. lower-middle-income countries.
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. lower-middle-income countries.
Question 14
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
__________ theory is based on a market-oriented perspective that assumes that "pure" capitalism is good and that the best economic outcomes occur when governments follow the policy of laissez-faire (hands-off) business, giving capitalists the opportunity to make the "best" economic decisions.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Modernization
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Modernization
Question 15
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
Using the Gini Index, which of the following countries is the most equitable?
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. Sweden
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. Sweden
Question 16
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The average income per person in lower-income countries has __________ in the past thirty years.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. doubled
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. doubled
Question 17
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
___________ is an important example of an upper-middle income economy because it manages to export a wide array of goods including tobacco and citizens have a higher standard of living than lower-income economies while still dealing with serious human rights issues such as hazardous child labor practices.
Selected Answer:    
Correcta. Kazakhstan
Correct Answer:    
Correcta. Kazakhstan
Question 18
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The idea of      has become one of the primary means used in attempts to reduce social and economic inequalities and alleviate the worst effects of poverty in the less industrialized nations of the world.
Selected Answer:    
Correctb. development
Correct Answer:    
Correctb. development
Question 19
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
The 2007 U.S. financial crisis led to a(n) _________ that spread from high-income economies to lower-income economies. The economic slowdown particularly harmed countries located in the sub-Saharan Africa.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. global economic recession
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. global economic recession
Question 20
1 out of 1 points

Correct    
In recent years, inequality in the United States has __________.
Selected Answer:    
Correctd. increased steadily
Correct Answer:    
Correctd. increased steadily
Hell yes, man 100%..
 

Top